Introduction of Ethical Hacking and cyber Laws

Introduction of Ethical Hacking and Cyber Laws

Introduction of Ethical Hacking and cyber Laws : – Ethical Hacking and Cyber Laws are two interconnected fields that play a crucial role in the modern digital landscape. Ethical hacking, also known as penetration testing or white-hat hacking, involves authorized and legal attempts to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in computer systems and networks. It aims to safeguard digital assets by employing the same techniques and tools used by malicious hackers, but with the consent and knowledge of the system owner.



Data : Raw Facts
Information : Processed data or collection of data
Data is used as input for the computer system. Information is the output of data.


Ethical – Means legal practices which should be performed.
Hacking – Hacking means accessing any data, information or any system with the permission of individual.
Hackers – Hackers are the most skilled and technical people who are profiecient in understanding the technical aspects.

TYPES OF HACKERS (Introduction of Ethical Hacking )

1. BLACK HAT HACKERS – THese are the bad people who access and gain resources of any individual for the sake of there own wealth. Parents wala person,usually comes in newspaper .
example: sHADOW bROWKERS
2. WHITE HAT HACKERS – THese are those people who gains access and tamper the resource for the sake of the individual. example: RAHUL TYAGI, SAKET MODI, SANJEEV MULTANI, ABHIJEET SINGH,PRABHANKAR TRIPATHI
3. GREY HAT HACKERS – These are those hackers who hacks and gains resources for the sake of the society and culture.
Other Categories
1. Script Kiddies – These are those people who steals the programs, ideas or any other method of hacking and perform hacks without any knoweledge.
2. Noobz – These are the new born technical babies who just arrived in the field of cyber security.
3. Crackers – These are those people who are good in cracking into a particular machine or a authentication check ,they crack into systems for a malicious purpose.

TYPES OF INFORMATION  (Introduction of Ethical Hacking)

1. Confidentials INformation – Adhar card, Driving License, birth cdrtificate…
2. Financial Information – debit or credit card info., financial statements, policies….
3. Health Information – Disease
4. Personal Information – DOB, address , conatct no….
2.Defame (Revenge)
3.Stealing inormation
4.Leaking information
5.Political motives
6.For SECURTIY REASONS i.e. securing digital space ūüôā

Cyber Terrorism (Introduction of Ethical Hacking)

Terrorist have found a new way for indulging into disruptive activities through digital space.Jitta hm log technology ka use kr rhe hai waise hi sath hi saath iska koi na koi misuse bhi kr rha hai.
Email conversation —> telephonic conversation –> gaming platform.
cyber terrorism means to damage information, computer systems and data that result in harm against non-combatant targets.
CASE 26/11 —> NATGrid formation

___Cyber Laws___  Introduction of Ethical Hacking

Section 43: –¬† Penalty and compensation for damage to computer and computer system.
Section 65:  Tempering with computer source Documents.
 Changing and altering the documents which are available.
 Imprisonment upto 3 years and Fine upto 200,000 INR.
Section 66:  Computer Related Offences.
SECTION 66 A – Punishment for sending offensive messages through communication service.
Imprisonment upto 3 years and Fine upto 100,000 INR or both.
SECTION 66 B – Dishonestly receiving and retaining any stolen computer resource or communication device is also made punishable by amendment.
Imprisonment upto 3 years and Fine upto 100,000 INR or both.
SECTION 66 C – Identity Theft (Driving license, adhar card etc)
Imprisonment upto 3 years and Fine upto 100,000 INR or both.
SECTION 66 D РCheating by  false Personation by using computer resource or communication device. (telecallers)
Imprisonment upto 3 years and Fine upto 100,000 INR or both.
SECTION 66 E – Violation of Privacy
Imprisonment upto 3 years and Fine upto 200,000 INR or both.
SECTION 66 F – Punishment to cyber terrorism
Data or computer database so obtained may be used to cause or likely to cause injury to the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence, or to the advantage of any foreign nation, group of individuals or otherwise, commits the offence of cyber terrorism.
Section 67 :  Punishment for publishing or transmitting obscene material in electronic from.
Section 71: Penalty for misrepresentation.
 If you have uploaded your ID card, and given the wrong name and address,then again it is a crime.
 Imprisonment to Two years, or with fine of 1,00,000 INR, or with both.
Section 72: Breaching of Confidentiality and Privacy
 I have some personal stuff in my hard disk drive and on google drive, If someone any how gets the access of those files without my permission, Then again it is a crime.
Right To Privacy.
 Imprisonment for Ten Years, or with fine, or with both.
Section 73:  Penalty for publishing electronic signature certificate false in certain particular.Signature Forgery.
Imprisonment for upto two years, or with fine upto 1,00,000 INR, or with both.


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